Old Age Poker GamesAt those days, a poker game was played using only a deck consisting of 20 cards. Then, 4 players will keep a bet on which player has the best hand and hence the most valuable.After some time, the game spread at the speed of forest fire to the other parts of America, the presence of the game headed along the west alongside California Gold Rush. Later, the game got its complete 52-card deck.Later, the flush was added to the game, and slowly more and more additions were made to the game at the time of American Civil War. Many modifications were taken in like stud poker that is a 5-card variant of poker game, straight poker and draw poker.Wild cards were introduced by the Americans in the year of 1875. Later in the 1900s, split-pot and lowball poker were developed in the poker game. Community card games in poker were introduced in the year of 1925.Thanks to US military, the game of poker eventually spread to various other countries, mainly to the Asian countries.Poker game wasn’t always taken as a game to be played. Before the 70s, poker was usually absent at casinos due to the lack of security measures for checking on the people who cheat in the game. Casinos didn’t open poker rooms for playing black jack and roulette even till the 80s and 90s.– Poker at the PresentPeople’s interest was renewed thanks to the setting up of much better security techniques along with lots of promotion and tournaments being held.Also, advent of online gambling or online poker helped the game to reach new heights. Online gambling or online poker gave life to the poker game which was held stagnant for a long time.Many people of all skills and levels began to get a likeness to the poker game due to the introduction of online gambling or online poker. Amateurs and beginners began to bring themselves together to get to learn further or start learning about gambling online or online poker.Online gambling or online poker helped the common people to learn how to play the poker game. The game which was once restricted to be enjoyed by rich businessmen alone at casinos rolling high could now be played by the common man too.– Advantages of Online Gambling or Online PokerOnline gambling or online poker has many advantages over the mortar and brick poker games. Listed below are a few advantages of the online gambling or online poker game which have been proven many a time by the poker game fanatics:1. Massive cheating caused the casinos of those days to close their business and move on to roulette or blackjack games. The game is still open to fraudulent tactics such as collusion of players even when security measures were taken into account in the poker game.Gambling online or online poker uses a software which automatically monitors the game and detects patterns in the games of any player to identify any possible collusion between 2 or more players.Gambling online or online poker software is also able to check any player’s IP addresses to be able to see if 2 or any more players are playing from the same area which is a form of fraudulent tactics used in the game.Moreover, online gambling or online poker software can share data to another software virtually such that gambling online or online poker software can very easily keep a record of players having fraudulent records and then ban the players from playing any more in the poker game.2. Online gambling or online poker is so famous that tournaments called satellite tournaments are being watched by real poker tournaments. The winners of the satellite tournament are given entry into the real tournaments like World Series Poker which takes place only once a year.Actually, in the year 2003 and 2004, the winners of World Series Poker, Greg “the Fossilman” Raymer and Chris Moneymaker, got entry into the World Poker Series by winning the online gambling or online poker tournaments.3. A noticeable advantage in online gambling or online poker is that there is no psychological factor in the game. The players of online gambling or online poker games don’t face each other. Each player is far far away from another player and they play together only in a virtual game room.Nobody can observe another player’s body language or reaction and instead of that, players have to focus on the betting patterns to get an idea of other player’s card hands.
This is part 1 of a multipart series of articles regarding proposed anti-gambling legislation. In this article I discuss the proposed legislation, what the politicians say it does, some facts about the current state of online gambling, and what the bills really propose.The legislators are trying to protect us from something, or are they? The whole thing seems a little confusing to say the least.The House, and the Senate, are once again considering the issue of “Online Gambling”. Bills have been submitted by Congressmen Goodlatte and Leach, and also by Senator Kyl.The bill being put forward by Rep. Goodlatte has the stated intention of updating the Wire Act to outlaw all forms of online gambling, to make it illegal for a gambling business to accept credit and electronic transfers, and to force ISPs and Common Carriers to block access to gambling related sites at the request of law enforcement.Just as does Rep. Goodlatte, Sen. Kyl, in his bill, Prohibition on Funding of Unlawful Internet Gambling, makes it illegal for gambling businesses to accept credit cards, electronic transfers, checks and other forms of payment, but his bill does not address the placement of bets.The bill submitted by Rep. Leach, The Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act, is basically a copy of the bill submitted by Sen. Kyl. It focuses on preventing gambling businesses from accepting credit cards, electronic transfers, checks, and other payments, and like the Kyl bill makes no changes to what is currently legal.According to Rep. Goodlatte “While gambling is currently illegal in the United States unless regulated by the states, the development of the Internet has made gambling easily accessible. It is common for illegal gambling businesses to operate freely until law enforcement finds and stops them.”In fact, American courts have determined that the Wire Act makes only Sports Betting illegal, and even then only across telephone lines. Very few states have laws that make online gambling illegal, some states and Tribes have taken steps to legalize online gambling, and even the Federal government recognizes some forms of online gambling as being legal.Goodlatte himself says his bill “cracks down on illegal gambling by updating the Wire Act to cover all forms of interstate gambling and account for new technologies. Under current federal law, it is unclear whether using the Internet to operate a gambling business is illegal”.Goodlatte’s bill however does not “cover all forms of interstate gambling” as he claims, but instead carves out exemptions for several forms of online gambling such as state lotteries, bets on horse racing, and fantasy sports. Even then, his modifications to the Wire Act do not make online gambling illegal, they make it illegal for a gambling business to accept online bets where a person risks something of value “upon the outcome of a contest of others, a sporting event, or a game predominantly subject to chance”, except of course if it is a state lottery, horse race, fantasy sports, or one of a few other situations.The truth of the matter is that most online gambling businesses have located in other countries specifically to avoid the gray area that is the current state of online gambling in the US. As a result, there is little that law enforcement can do to enforce these laws. Trying to make the laws tougher, and providing for stiffer penalties, will not make them easier to enforce.As well, most, if not all, banks and credit card companies refuse to transfer money to an online gambling business now, as a result of pressure from the federal government. As a result, alternative payment systems sprang up to fill the void.Senator Kyl is equally misleading in his statements. From his proposed bill, “Internet gambling is primarily funded through personal use of payment system instruments, credit cards, and wire transfers.” But as we already know, most credit cards in the U.S. refuse attempts to fund a gambling account.Also from the Kyl bill, “Internet gambling is a growing cause of debt collection problems for insured depository institutions and the consumer credit industry.” If the credit card companies and other financial institutions in the U.S are not allowing the funding of gambling, how can it be “a growing cause of debt collection problems”. And since when do we need legislation in order for the financial industry to protect itself from high risk debt. If the financial industry was accepting gambling debts and these gambling charges were a problem for them, wouldn’t they just stop accepting them?Like Rep. Gooddlatte, Rep. Leach and Senator Kyl carve out exemptions for betting on horse racing, for fantasy sports and for buying and selling securities. Unlike Rep. Goodlatte however, Rep. Leach and Sen. Kyl do not exempt state lotteries from their prohibition of online gambling.In the next article, I will begin to cover some of the issues raised by politicians who are against online gambling, and provide a different perspective to their rhetoric.
In nuclear physics, critical mass is defined as the minimum mass of material needed to undergo a continuous chain reaction. Today, we are witnessing the emergence of critical mass in online education. Online education has been defined as instruction where teacher and student are not in the same physical location at the same time. Its existence has had positive but limited results over the years. But the astounding increase in the capacity of technology has set off a powerful chain reaction.A collaborative effort between teachers, students, the government and the telecommunication companies has resulted in an explosion of possibilities for everyone. As the network gets bigger, teachers have a larger audience and underserved students find their horizons expanded. The result of this critical mass is better and more equal education for all students – a highly desirable goal.What Is Fueling the Changes?There are a few key elements in understanding why online education has improved. One of them is the expanding infrastructure of the Internet. The phone companies see the commercial potential of linking schools and communities to high-speed data networks. Companies like US WEST have been instrumental in upgrading the communications of many remote rural towns. The use of cutting edge technologies brings faster data transmission at reasonable prices and allows many more to participate in education-online.Software providers are also increasing the viability of online education. As software has improved, both teachers and students can access a great deal more material for their classes. Quality interactive content leads to more interesting and challenging classes -the kind that can motivate students. For example, LearningSpace software from the Lotus Development Corporation allows the kind of teacher/student interaction that closely simulates a typical classroom and keeps students involved. As more software companies develop such collaboration ‘spaces’, more educators will tap into the benefits of online education.